A comprehensive guide to acronyms used by special educational needs and disability services.
Here are some of the abbreviations, acronyms and language you may come across in the world of SEND...
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A meeting held once a year to review a child's Statement of Special Education Needs.
Autistic Spectrum Conditions.
Autistic Spectrum Disorder.
Finding out what a child can and cannot do by observing them at school and sometimes at home, and by talking with people who know the child well.
Avon and Wiltshire Partnership (Adult Mental Health).
British Sign Language
Behavioural Support Service
Better 2gether Funding (Eligible Funding for 2 year olds)
Common Assessment Framework - a shared assessment and planning framework for use across all children's services and all local areas in England. It aims to help the early identification of a child's additional needs and promote co-ordinated service provision to meet those needs.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service
A person who is looking after a child but isn't their birth parent.
Clinical Commissioning Group - (replaced Primary Care Trusts in April 2013) a clinically-led statutory NHS body responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area.
Community Children's Learning Disability Health Service
Council for Disabled Children
Children and Families Voluntary Sector Forum
Continuing Health Care
Child in Need - a child in need of local authority services to achieve or maintain a reasonable standard of health or development, to prevent significant or further harm to health or development.
Code of Practice
A Government document that schools, early years settings and local authorities follow when identifying children with SEND and meeting their needs.
Child Protection or Cerebral Palsy
Care Quality Commission
Carer Support Wiltshire
Community Team for People with Learning Disabilities (adults)
Children and Young People Disability Team (Social Care)
Digital Assessment Referral Tool
Disability Access Fund
Disclosure and Barring Service - helps employers make safer recruitment decision by preventing unsuitable people from working with vulnerable groups, including children. (Replaced CRB)
Department for Children and Education (Wiltshire Council)
Department for Education (national Government Department)
The way in which the early years setting/school's curriculum and teaching methods are adapted to meet the needs of a child.
Mediation arrangements which all local authorities must provide to help prevent or resolve disagreements between parents/carers, whose children have SEND, and the local authority or school. These much include an independent service with trained mediators, designed to bring the different parties together in an informal way to try to resolve the disagreement through discussion. In Wiltshire, this service is called Wessex Mediation and you can contact them on 01823 336465.
District Inclusion Support Meeting - often held in a District Specialist Centre, this meeting plans and co-ordinates services for children requiring intensive support in the Early Years.
Disability Living Allowance
District Specialist Centre - a place offering intensive support from a range of services to children aged 0-5 years (previously known as Opportunity Groups)
Department for Work and Pensions
From birth to 5 years.
Early Years Settings
All pre-school education provision, such as nursery classes and schools, day nurseries, childminders, portage services, pre-schools and District Specialist Centres.
Emotional Behaviour Disorder
An officer of the local authority dealing with provision and placement of children with special educational needs, particularly those with a Statement or undergoing Statutory Assessment.
Education Funding Agency
A Statutory Education, Health and Care Plan for children and young people between 0 and 25 years in education who have additional needs. The plan co-ordinates a child's education, health and social needs and sets out any additional support they may require.
Enhanced Learning Provision - an individualised, flexible programme of support put in place by all non-selective mainstream secondary schools to meet the high-level learning needs of the neediest pupils, who often have a combination of special educational needs.
Education other than at school.
EP or Ed Psych
Educational Psychologist - a professional employed by the local authority to assess a child's special educational needs and to give advice to schools and settings as to how the child's needs can be met.
Early Support Assessment
Educational Welfare Officer - an officer of the local authority dealing with young people who have irregular attendance or frequent absence from school. EWOs look at reasons for attendance problems and work with teams from Social Care to identify and support children involved in child protection procedures.
Early Years Foundation Stage - a framework used by all early years settings which sets out standards and provides a flexible approach which supports learning and development until the end of the Reception year at school.
Early Years Entitlement
Early Years Inclusion Advisor
Family Support Worker
Further Education (FE)
Full or part-time education for people over compulsory school age which does not take place in a school or university.
A model which recognises that children may need different levels of support at different stages in their early years or school lives.
Health Visitor (HV)
A qualified nurse who delivers the Healthy Child Programme to children 0-5.
Taking account of all factors contributing to a situation or circumstance.
Information Advice and Guidance
Information Advice and Support Service
Independent Parental Support - someone who can give support to parents/carers, for example, by going to meetings, encouraging parents to get involved and helping them to understand systems related to special educational needs. In Wiltshire, IPSs are volunteers, trained by the Special Educational Needs Support Service (SENSS).
Individual Education Plan (IEP)
A plan written by an early years practitioner/teacher/SENCO outlining the way a child's needs are being met and setting SMART targets. The plan is shared with parents.
Independent Specialist Provision
Inclusion Support Funding (Early Years)
Key Stage One (KS1)
Stage of education - age 5-7 - Years 1 & 2.
Key Stage Two (KS2)
Stage of education - age 7-11 - Years 3, 4, 5 & 6.
Key Stage 3 (KS3)
Stage of education - age 11-14 - years 7, 8 & 9.
Key Stage 4 (KS4)
Stage of education - age 14-16 - years 10 & 11.
Key Stage 5 (KS5)
Stage of education - age 16-18 - sixth form.
A caseworker from our Special Educational Needs team.
Problems or conditions which make learning harder for the individual than it is for most people.
A local government body whose responsibilities include providing education, carrying out Statutory Assessments and maintaining Statements for children and young people with special educational needs.
Local Inclusion Support Meeting - an individual planning meeting to help identify appropriate networks and plan for a child's present and future needs in the Early Years, involving professionals and parents working together at a local level.
Looked after Child (LAC)
A child or young person who is in the care of the local authority.
Local Offer (LO)
Local authorities have a statutory obligation to publish a Local Offer, setting out in one place information about service provision across education, health and social care for children and young people in their area who have special educational needs and disabilities (SEND).
Local youth network
Multi Agency Forum (MAF)
A community based meeting to allow face to face discussion amongst agencies and services to identify and respond to requirements in support of local children and their families.
A school for all children, not just those with special educational needs.
A state school, includes community, foundation and voluntary aid schools.
Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH)
A single point of contact which brings together professionals working with vulnerable people to keep them safe from harm.
Moderate learning difficulty.
Statutory education, health and care plan (EHCP)
My Support Plan (MSP)
A holistic support plan for a child with additional needs who does not meet statutory criteria for an EHCP.
National Autistic Society
The framework which sets out standards and appropriate levels of achievement for children's education, as laid down by the DCSF.
Occupational Therapist (OT)
A professional trained to give advice on equipment, adaptations and activities to support the learning and social development of people with physical, emotional or behavioural difficulties.
The Office for Standards in Education.
A single page of information that captures what is important to and for an individual. They are part of s Statutory My Plan/EHCP but can be created by anyone.
Outreach worker (OW)
An employee of an organisation who works out 'in the field' rather than in an office.
Performance levels used to assess a child who is not yet working with the National Curriculum levels of attainment.
A doctor who specialises in children's diseases and may be responsible for the continuing care of children with special educational needs, before school entry and in school (special and mainstream).
Pastoral Support Plan (PSP)
A plan drawn up by a school to support a child at serious risk of disaffection or exclusion. If a PSP is being written for a child who has special educational needs, it should not replace their Individual Education Plan.
Primary Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service.
Focusing on what is important to an individual.
Personal Independence Payment.
Profound and multiple learning disabilities.
Home-based educational support for pre-school children with special educational needs.
Extra or different help given to a child with special educational needs.
A way of identifying the range of provision available to all pupils in a school which is additional to and different from the school's differentiated curriculum. It can be used as part of the planning process for a child with additional needs.
Parent support adviser
Personal, social and emotional development.
Personal, social and health education.
Resource Base (RB)
Specialist, additional SEN support based within a mainstream school. In Wiltshire, there are centres for the following areas of SEN:
- Complex needs (Primary);
- Hearing Impairment (Primary and Secondary);
- Speech and Language Difficulties (Primary);
- Physical Difficulties (Primary and Secondary);
- Social and Communication Difficulties/ASD (Primary)
Speech and Language Therapist - a professional trained to give specialist assessments, advice and treatment for children with communication difficulties.
Single Assessment Referral Tool.
Short Breaks Scheme (SBS)
The Short Breaks scheme aims to meet the needs and interests of children and young people who require additional support to access or engage in leisure activities and social opportunities. If offers families an opportunity to think creatively about how they want to spend their leisure time and choose what works best for them.
Specialist Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service.
Social and emotional aspects of development.
Social, emotional and mental health.
Special Educational Needs Co-coordinator.
Special educational needs and disabilities.
Single Point of Contact (SPOC)
A help line answered by professional caseworkers.
Severe learning disability.
Specific Learning Difficulties, such as dyslexia or dyspraxia.
Targets which are Specific, measurable, agreed, realistic and timed.
Senior mental health practitioner.
Special Educational Needs (SEN)
Special educational needs.
Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal - an independent body that hears appeals against decisions made by the local authority on Statutory Assessments and Statements.
Schools that are specially organised to make special educational provision for pupils with special educational needs.
Statement of Educational Needs
A legal document that sets out a child's needs and the extra help he/she should get.
A very detailed assessment of a child's special educational needs. It includes parental, educational, psychological, medical and other professional advice and may lead to a Statement of Educational Needs.
Support in Wiltshire Autism Parent Programme - a partnership programme for parents and school staff to build an understanding of autism.
Support in Wiltshire Autism Schools Strategies.
Team around the child (TAC)
A group of practitioners/agencies involved with a particular child and their family.
Services for those with additional needs, often assessed.
Transition Inclusion Support meeting - held for children who require additional support during the transition to school to plan a flexible and individual programme of transition into school life. It will involve parent/carers as well as professionals who have been involved with the child, and representatives from the child's new school.
A plan drawn up during the Year 9 annual review of a Statement. It should take account of the views of the young person, his/her parents and all the professionals involved with the young person. It must involve the Connexions Personal Adviser. The plan sets out the steps that need to be taken to move from school to adult life.
Services available to everyone without assessment.
Wiltshire Independent Support and Advice
Wiltshire Parent Carer Council (WPCC)
A voluntary organisation managed by parents and carers for parents and carers.
Wiltshire and Swindon Users Network (WSUN)
A local network which supports people who use mental health services and those with a learning disability.
Young carer (YC)
Someone aged 18 or under who helps look after a relative with a disability, illness, or mental health condition.
Youth offending team.